BELGIAN CAMPAIGN FOR AN ACADEMIC AND CULTURAL BOYCOTT OF ISRAEL (BACBI)
 

 

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CURRENT NEWS, CAMPAIGNS & DENUNCIATIONS:

« Palestinian astrophycisist Prof. Barghouthi sees his administrative detention renewed »
Scientists4Palestine (Nov 8, 2020):
Hours before Palestinian astrophysicist Prof. Imad Barghouthi's scheduled release on Sunday November 8th, the military commander of the West Bank issued a new administrative detention order extending his imprisonment, which has been going on since July 16th 2020, by an additional three months and three weeks. The justification for this decision by the Israeli military referenced secret files in possession of the Israeli forces, which neither Prof. Barghouthi nor his lawyer have been provided access to. Prof. Bargouthi continues to be held, in violation of international law, and kept from his family, students, and colleagues.

« Joint Urgent Appeal to the UN Special Procedures on the escalating water and sanitation crisis in the Gaza Strip, oPt »
Submitting organizations: Al Mezan Centre for Human Rights; Al-Haq – Law in the Service of Man; Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies;
Habitat International Coalition – Housing and Land Rights Network (9 Nov 2020):
Insufficient access to clean and safe drinking water and sanitation in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) has been a feature of Palestinian life for decades, with resources overexploited and water quality consistently deteriorating in parallel and as a result of Israel’s unlawfully pro-longed occupation and apartheid regime. As a result of these policies and practices, today, Gaza’s residents live in a protracted humanitarian catastrophe, with around 95 percent of residents not having access to drinkable water.
Read full report (pdf, 29p.), click here!

« The Torture and Abuse of Children Fleeing Gaza's Humanitarian Catastrophe »
Al Mezan Center for Human Rights (Oct 26, 2020):
The deterioration of the socioeconomic conditions in the Gaza Strip due to Israel’s unilateral imposition of 13 years of closure and blockade has led an alarming number of child residents to undertake dangerous emigration routes out of the Strip in search of better living conditions and the chance at a dignified life. Al Mezan’s reporting shows that a sense of desperation is leading children to risk their lives by attempting to cross the Israeli-implemented and enforced buffer zone. This report focuses on the arrest and abuse of those children, in particular 91 child victims who tried to cross the perimeter fence into Israel between 2015-2019.
Read full report (pdf, 30p.), click here!

« Call for Action: Protect Ras Al'uja School from Demolition! »
Palestinian Grassroots Anti-apartheid Wall Campaign (Sept 28, 2020):
As across the world schools are slowly opening again after COVID19 lockdowns, we call on you to ensure in Palestine schools are not demolished. Palestinians are sounding the alarm over the potential demolition of a newly built school in Ras Al'uja Bedouin community, the Jordan Valley, by the Israeli occupation authorities...
Your support to the Right to Education Campaign launched by popular committees and Palestinian civil society organizations to strengthen the steadfastness of Palestinians in the Jordan Valley to resist the Israeli annexation is crucial now!
Please support us by calling on your foreign ministry and your consulate in Palestine to take action to stop the demolition of schools and infrastructure and to guarantee Palestinians the Right to Education.

« Israel’s Systematic Repression of Palestinians Continues during Pandemic: UN Human Rights Council »
(Human Rights Watch via Informed Comment, Oct 10, 2020):
Israeli authorities have continued to systematically repress and discriminate against Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. Between March and August, Israeli authorities demolished 389 Palestinian homes and other structures in the West Bank, the majority for lacking building permits that Israeli authorities make virtually impossible to obtain, displacing 442, according to OCHA. OCHA found that this represented the highest demolition rate in four years. International law prohibits an occupying power from destroying property unless “absolutely necessary” for “military operations.

« Despite Ambiguity in International Law, Palestinians are Winning the ‘Legitimacy War’ »
(Ramzy BAROUD, The Palestine Chronicle, Oct 9, 2020):
With regard to violating international law, Israel is in a unique category of its own, for Israel’s behavior is always governed by its military strength and the backing of its Western allies. To gain more insight into the relationship between international law, conflict resolution and accountability, I spoke (YouTube) with Professor Richard Falk, one of the world’s leading experts on international law and former UN Special Rapporteur on Palestinian Human Rights.

# BACBI Academy's Newsletter Nr 64 (November 2020): click here!

# BACBI Culture's Newsletter Nr 57 (October 2020): click here!

Why Boycott Israel?

  • Andreina DE LEO, "Baldassi and Others v. France: Criminal Convictions of BDS Activists Violate Freedom of Expression under the European Convention on Human Rights" (OpinioJuris, June 16, 2020): click here!
    On June 11, 2020, the European Court of Human Rights (ECt.HR) delivered the much-awaited judgement Baldassi and Others v. France (application no. 15271/16). The Court found by a majority that there was no violation of Article 7 (no punishment without law) and unanimously that there was a violation of Article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). The present analysis will focus on its findings regarding Article 10.
    For the judgement: click here! [Andreina De Leo is a Legal Researcher at the European Legal Support Center (ELSC)]
  • "Victory for freedom of expression : call to boycott recognized as a civil right" (Association France Palestine Solidarité, 11 juin 2020): click here!
    AFPS President Bertrand Heilbronn remarked : "This is a just victory for freedom of expression and civic action. We call on our fellow citizens to come together in greater numbers to fight for the rights of the Palestinian people, and for the universal values of freedom, equality, and dignity that this fight represents. The BDS campaign is part of that fight, and we will continue to pursue it so long as Israel refuses to comply with international and human rights law."
  • Michiel BOT: "The right to boycott: BDS, law, and politics in a global context" (Transnational Legal Theory, 21 Sept 2019, pdf, 26p.): click here!
    Abstract: This article discusses the global campaigns for boycott, divestment, and sanctions (BDS) against Israel, which frame their objectives primarily in legal terms, as well as the transnational strategy to suppress BDS campaigns by means of the law. After arguing that the strategy to suppress BDS campaigns by means of the law exemplifies an instrumentalisation of law that is fundamentally at odds with the rule of law, I discuss two landmark judgments that recognised a right to boycott, and demonstrate that what is ultimately at stake in these judgments is the right to participate in politics. I then analyse the various concepts of politics exemplified by the campaigns for BDS. Reflecting on the relationship between BDS, law, and politics in a global context, I pose the question how law might facilitate emancipatory and transformative politics across the boundaries of the nation-state.
  • Yousef AL-HELOU: "Why Is The Rise Of BDS Worldwide Worrying Israel?" (International Middle East Media Center, July 10, 2019): click here!
    The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement is gaining momentum. There is no doubt about this. The Palestinian-led campaign for an educational, cultural and business boycott of Israel aims to get justice, freedom and equality. Inspired by the South African anti-Apartheid movement, BDS started in 2005 by civil society and governments to take action to put pressure on Israel to comply with international law, mainly by ending its prolonged military occupation and colonisation of Palestinian land. BDS is, by its nature, a non-violent form of resistance. Nevertheless, Israelis believe it to be an existential threat which wants to delegitimise their state’s existence.
  • "What is BDS?" (BDS Movement): click here!
    Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) is a Palestinian-led movement for freedom, justice and equality. BDS upholds the simple principle that Palestinians are entitled to the same rights as the rest of humanity.
  • Nathan THRALL: "BDS: how a controversial non-violent movement has transformed the Israeli-Palestinian debate" (The Guardian, The Long Read, Aug 14, 2018): click here!
    Israel sees the international boycott campaign as an existential threat to the Jewish state. Palestinians regard it as their last resort.

      The Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (PACBI):
  • "Call for an Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (Original call 2004)" (BDS Movement, 6 July 2004): click here!
    Endorsed by: Palestinian Federation of Unions of University Professors and Employees; Palestinian General Federation of Trade Unions; Palestinian NGO Network, West Bank; Teachers' Federation; Palestinian Writers' Federation; Palestinian League of Artists; Palestinian Journalists' Federation; General Union of Palestinian Women; Palestinian Lawyers' Association; and tens of other Palestinian federations, associations, and civil society organizations.
  • "The case for an academic boycott of Israel" (BDS Movement): click here!
    For decades, Israeli universities have played a key role in planning, implementing and justifying Israel’s occupation and apartheid policies, while maintaining a uniquely close relationship with the Israeli military. To end this complicity in Israel’s violations of international law, Palestinian civil society has called for an academic boycott of complicit Israeli academic institutions. Refusing to normalize oppression, many academic associations, student governments and unions as well as thousands of international academics now support the academic boycott of Israel.
  • "Why boycott Israeli universities?" (BRICUP Booklet, pdf, 40p.): click here!
    How we got here - Why Israel - Academic Freedom in Palestine and Israel - Why Boycott - Reasons not to Boycott - Moving On.
  • "Manifiesto: por el BDS académico en Argentina contra el apartheid israelí" (19th November 2018): click here!
    Lista Parcial de Signatarios del Manifiesto por el BDS Académico por Palestina en Argentina (456 Individuales, 15 Institucionales, grupos, colectivos, etc.), click here!

Academic Boycotts

  • "Waarom wij academici Israël boycotten" (De Standaard, 16 mei 2015): click here!
    Een boycot tegen het apartheidsregime van Zuid-Afrika heeft zijn effect niet gemist. ruim 200 Belgische academici willen Israël op soortgelijke manier onder druk zetten opdat het stopt met zijn voortdurende schendingen van de mensenrechten van de Palestijnen.
  • Lawrence DAVIDSON: "Why The Academic Boycott Is Necessary" (BACBI Essays): click here!
    Israel’s academic community cannot be allowed to proceed as if it has nothing to do with the destruction of Palestinian society, including its academy and academic freedom. Given their direct and indirect complicity in this criminal process, the placing of temporary limits on the freedom of 9000 Israeli academics is a necessary price that must be paid in the struggle to restore the fundamental rights of millions of Palestinians.
  • "For justice: SA Jews support the academic boycott of Israeli universities" (Mail&Guardian, Sept 17, 2019): click here!
    Like Judith Butler, many Jewish academics in Israel and the diaspora have adopted and supported the Palestinian call for an academic boycott. These academics are joined by rapidly growing numbers of Jews in South Africa and globally who support an academic boycott, including ‘Jewish Voice for Peace’, an American organisation with close to 100 000 members, the Israeli organisation ‘Boycott from Within,’ as well as Jewish organisations in Europe, Britain, Canada, Australia, Brazil, Argentina, and South Africa.
  • Judy MALTZ: "In First, European Academic Association Cancels Upcoming Conference in Israel" (Haaretz, July 7, 2019): click here!
    Fearing backlash from boycott movement, association of mental health researchers walks back decision to hold confab in Jerusalem.
  • Paul LOOKMAN: "Hoe wetenschappers kunnen bijdragen aan een oplossing van de kwestie-Palestina" (Geopolitiek in Context, 7 juli, 2019): click here!
    Terreuraanslagen en de kwestie-Palestina hangen met elkaar samen. Het plan-Kushner is de laatste nagel in de doodskist van een tweestatenoplossing. De alternatieven zijn apartheid of etnische zuivering. Annexatie van de Westelijke Jordaanoever overschrijdt een Europese rode lijn. Media, politieke wetenschappers en intellectuelen kunnen het verschil maken..
  • "British Society for Middle Eastern Studies Endorses Palestinian Call to Boycott Complicit Israeli Academic Institutions" (PACBI, June 24, 2019): click here!
    In a historic vote, the British Society for Middle Eastern Studies BRISMES) joins a growing number of academic associations refusing to be complicit in Israel's grave violations of international law. We warmly salute the British Society for Middle Eastern Studies (BRISMES) for voting overwhelmingly to support the Palestinian call for a boycott of complicit Israeli academic institutions.
    Notice on the DBRISMES website (June 27): "The British Society for Middle Eastern Studies (BRISMES) has not endorsed the academic boycott of Israeli Institutions as advocated by BDS (Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions). There was an indicative vote of the membership held at the Annual General Meeting. The majority of those attending voted in favour of the boycott. This vote is not binding on the Society. The Society's position on BDS remains that which was endorsed at the 2015 Annual General meeting."
  • Lara SHEEHI: "Disavowing Israeli Apartheid" (Middle East Report Online, June 22, 2019): click here!
    The Palestinian Union of Social Workers and Psychologists (PUWP) issued a call on October 1, 2018, to clinicians, unions and institutions around the world to join them in boycotting the International Association for Relational Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy's (IARPP) conference scheduled for Tel Aviv, Israel on June 20-23, 2019. The PUWP asked those engaged ethically and responsibly with human suffering through psychological clinical work, thought and research to heed the call from their clinical colleagues from Palestine and acknowledge and act against the deleterious mental health effects of Israel's repressive military occupation over Palestinians.
  • International list of academic associations supporting an academic boycott of Israel:
    • Academics for Palestine (AfP, Ireland): click here!
    • Anthropologists for the Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions": click here!
    • Association des Universitaires pour le Respect du Droit International en Palestine (AURDIP): click here!
    • BDS Académico en Argentina: click here!
    • Belgian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (BACBI): click here!
    • British Committee for the Universities of Palestine (BRICUP): click here!
    • Faculty for Palestine (F4P, Canada): click here!
    • Indian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (InCACBI): click here!
    • Moroccan Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (MACBI): click here!
    • Norwegian Committee for Academic and Cultural Boycott of the state of Israel (AKULBI): click here!
    • PACBI - Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel": click here!
    • Sidney Staff for BDS": click here!
    • Tunisian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (TACBI):: click here!
    • US Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (USACBI): click here!

Academy against Israel Scholasticide



  • UPDATE: "Birzeit University continues to lose international faculty as Israel persists in discriminatory policy" (BirZeit University, Nov 14, 2019): click here!
    Heightened restrictions on Birzeit University's right to hire and maintain international faculty persist into the 2019-2020 academic year. Israel has escalated what can only be understood as a policy whose ultimate goal is the elimination of any international faculty presence at Palestinian universities. Our 14,800 students returned to classes on 4 September with a third of their international faculty missing, the Israeli authorities having denied them entry or forced their departure by refusing them any viable means to stay in the country or return. The status of international faculty able to make it to campus remains extremely precarious; 60% have lapsed or only short-term visas due to expire before the end of the first semester. In short, except for a handful of instructorsunder foreign government fellowships or programs, all of our international faculty currently in the country are under constant threat of deportation.
  • Jaclynn ASHLEY: "Israel is turning Palestinian students into criminals" (+972, Oct 11, 2019): click here!
    According to data collected by Right to Education, a grassroots campaign aimed at defending education in Palestine, Israeli forces have detained at least 64 university students since the start of this year. A spokesperson at Addameer, a Palestinian prisoners’ rights organization, told +972 that Israel has been targeting an increasing number of Palestinian students since the start of 2019. There are currently 260 Palestinian high school and university students in Israeli prisons. Of the 18 Birzeit students who were arrested in August, Israel has released only three.
  • Amira HASS: “Israeli university heads say won’t intervene in discrimination against Palestinian schools" (Haaretz, Aug 28, 2019): click here!
    Committee says refusal to grant visas to guest lecturers is not in its purview. Hundreds of academics ask top officials to match guidelines at West Bank institutions to those at Israeli ones.
  • David PALUMBO-LIU: "Israel’s restrictions on international academics at Palestinian universities must be opposed" (Times Higher Education, July 27, 2019): click here!
    While the denial of visas to international scholars might seem a small inconvenience by comparison, put into the context of the overall weakened conditions of Palestinian schools and universities, as well as the totality of deprivation the Palestinians suffer under, it is a terrible thing indeed. The international community, especially the international academic community, needs to wake up.
  • Amira HASS: "Israel's Academy for Indifference" (Haaretz, July 15, 2019): click here!
    Why should Israeli professors and students care that their country is subverting the academic freedom of Palestinian universities and interfering with their hiring of foreign lecturers? This routine Israeli interference with the ordinary life of Palestinian universities doesn’t interest presidents, faculty deans or senior lecturers of Israeli universities, nor their student population. Their voices are not heard despite the fact that the meddling of the Interior Ministry and the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories in granting visas to academics and students headed for the Palestinian enclaves began long ago, and has only exacerbated over the last three years.
  • Amira HASS: "As Israel Tightens Entry Rules, Foreign Lecturers at Palestinian Universities Forced to Leave" (Haaretz, July 13, 2019): click here!
    Short-term tourist visas and refusals to extend them are routine obstacles, but the West Bank's Birzeit University is now fighting back... Israel's scholasticide policies are clearly driven by "the desire to weaken our institutions and destroy the Palestinian future. When they fight against the quality of the Palestinian academic institution, they’re weakening our future”.
  • BZU, Adalah & Al-Haq: "Israel forcing international lecturers out of West Bank Palestinian universities" (July 11, 2019): click here!
    Birzeit University, Adalah, Al-Haq are now fighting to end escalating discriminatory Israeli policy aimed at preventing international academics from staying in the West Bank and refusing to renew visas for those with teaching contracts. In a letter sent on 30 April 2019 to Israeli Interior Minister Aryeh Deri, Israeli Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit, Israeli Chief Military Advocate General Sharon Afek, and the Israeli military's Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT) Kamil Abu Rokon, Birzeit University, Al-Haq, and Adalah demand that Israel: lift the restrictions preventing international academics employed by Birzeit University from staying and working in the West Bank; refrain from imposing arbitrary restrictions on the duration of stay or extension of stay for international academics; order the publication of a clear and lawful procedure for issuing entry visas and work permits for international academics in the West Bank, which will enable the university to manage and maintain its academic freedom. Adalah Deputy General Director Attorney Sawsan Zaher, who drafted the letter to Israeli authorities, said: "Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip – like all other peoples around the world – are entitled to exercise their right to academic freedom as part of their right to self-determination. The Israeli military occupation cannot prevent Palestinians from exercising this right". Indeed, according to the interpretation applied to Article 43 of the Hague Regulations of 1907, sovereignty of education does not change hands - it is inalienable - and must remain in the hands of the occupied Palestinian population.

Actions & Calls:

  • "Call for Action: Protect Ras Al'uja School from Demolition!" Palestinian Grassroots Anti-apartheid Wall Campaign (Sept 28, 2020): click here!
    As across the world schools are slowly opening again after COVID19 lockdowns, we call on you to ensure in Palestine schools are not demolished. Palestinians are sounding the alarm over the potential demolition of a newly built school in Ras Al'uja Bedouin community, the Jordan Valley, by the Israeli occupation authorities.
  • "Bundestag 3 for Palestine (BT3P): Our Principles" (Bundestag 3 für Palästina, 2 Oct, 2020): click here!
    "Who we are. We, the Bundestag 3 for Palestine (#BT3P), have sued the Bundestag of the Federal Republic of Germany. In this policy paper, we would like to explain how this came about, why this step was necessary and what you can do to support our initiative."
  • "Letter from European researchers and academics concerning Israel's participation in Horizon Europe" (ECCP, June 16, 2020): click here!
    "As both professionals directly involved in research and members of civil society, we appeal to the EU to mobilize all diplomatic means to pressure Israel to comply with International Law. The move to unilateral annexation is the decisive act of defiance that should be met with sanctions, not with words. In the face of the imminent threat of annexation that would formally establish Israeli sovereignty over stolen territories, we reiterate that the EU should exclude Israel from EU Research Programmes, suspend the EU-Israel Association Agreement and implement a comprehensive arms embargo against Israel. Exclusion of Israel and Israeli companies accused of war crimes from the research programmes is the absolute minimum needed as a first measure against Israel’s’ violations of international law. As the exclusion of a country from EU Research Programmes does not require a unanimous decision of the European Council and falls under the responsibility of the European Commission and the Parliament, we urgently appeal to you to uphold justice by implementing this first step which is within your power."
  • "Deelname van de Stad Gent aan de VOKA-handelsmissie naar Israël. Aan Schepen Sofie Bracke, Gentse schepen bevoegd voor Economie en Handel, en het Gentse Schepencollege" (Gent, 21 januari 2020, 5 blz.): click here!
    "Mevrouw de Schepen, via De Standaard van 15 januari vernamen wij dat u in februari wilt deelnemen, in naam van de Stad Gent, aan een VOKA-handelsmissie naar Israël. Als academici, auteurs en kunstenaars die de Israëlische politiek ten aanzien van de Palestijnse bevolking in de Bezette Gebieden reeds lang kritisch volgen, voelen wij ons genoopt uw participatie aan de VOKA -missie in vraag te stellen..."
  • "Palestinian student activists among 23 seized by Israeli occupation forces" (Samidoun, Aug 27, 2019): click here!
    Israeli occupation forces seized at least 23 people from their homes on Monday morning, 26 August, including several Palestinian student leaders and activists at Bir Zeit University. They join approximately 60 fellow students at Bir Zeit and over 300 Palestinian students overall held in Israeli prisons. Student activists involved in the elected council or other organizations are particularly targeted for arrest, interrogation and imprisonment; nearly every year, the Bir Zeit student body president is seized by occupation forces and prevented from carrying out his or her term on campus.
  • "BDS veroordeelt antisemitische, fascistische krachten in Duitsland en de rest van de wereld" (Palestijns Nationaal BDS Comité, 28 aug 2019): click here!
    De BDS-beweging voor Palestijnse rechten veroordeelt in de meest krachtige bewoordingen de opkomende racistische en fascistische groeperingen in Duitsland en in heel Europa. Onze geweldloze beweging verzet zich principieel tegen alle vormen van racisme en rassendiscriminatie, waaronder antisemitisme en islamofobie.
  • "Guarantee full freedom of movement for international academics working at Palestinian academic institutions!" (petition, googleform, Academia for Equality): click here!
  • "European researchers and academics protest involvement of Israeli arms companies in EU research programs" (ECCP, June 5, 2019): click here!
  • "240 Israel and Jewish professors urge Germany not to enforce anti-BDS law" (Middle East Monitor, June 12, 2019): click here!
  • "Open Brief aan Alexander De Croo, minister van Ontwikkelingssamenwerking" (12 feb 2019, pdf, 5blz.): click here!
  • "Lettre ouverte au Vice-Premier Ministre A. De Croo" (14 février 2019, pdf, 6p.): click here!
  • Herman DE LEY et al., "Minister De Croo, bestraf het geweld van de Israëlische bezetter tegen Palestijnse schoolkinderen" (De Wereld Morgen, 5 feb 2019): click here!
    In een open brief aan vice-eersteminister en minister van Ontwikkelingssamenwerking Alexander De Croo klagen academici en kunstenaars het gebrek aan actie aan tegen de wanpraktijken van de Israëlische bezetter tegen schoolgaande Palestijnse kinderen.

Analyses:

  • Jehad HARB, "Thirteen Years After the West Bank-Gaza Strip Split: Phased Policy Alternatives Between Reunification and Separation" (PSR, Critical Policy Brief, Number 4/2020, July 2020): click here!
    On July 2, 2020, Jibril Rajoub, member of the Fatah Central Committee, and Saleh Al-Arouri, deputy head of the Hamas political bureau, held a joint press conference to announce joint plans to confront the Israeli annexation plan. The joint statement issued by the two men comes after a rift of more than two years. The statement did not refer to a vision of how to end the split and restore unity after thirteen years of internal Palestinian division. The ability of this meeting and subsequent dialogue to bridge differences between the two sides is unclear. The solutions proposed since the 2011 Cairo Agreement to restore unity have failed to reach the intended goal, in part because of their ambitious goal of restoring full reunification.
  • Halah AHMAD, "Tourism in Service of Occupation and Annexation" (Al-Shabaka, Oct 13, 2020): click here!
    Tourism has been critical to the Zionist enterprise since the first Zionists settled Palestine. Al-Shabaka policy analyst Halah Ahmad explores the role of tourism, and especially religious tourism, in propagating the Zionist and Israeli-state narratives, focusing on the damaging impacts of Israeli settlement tourism in illegally occupied Palestinian land. She offers recommendations for ethical tourism that promotes Palestinian rights to self-determination.
  • Éric PICHET, "Boycott des produits israéliens : la CEDH rebat les cartes des échanges commerciaux avec l'Europe" (The Conversation, June 15, 2020): click here!
    Dans un arrêt historique rendu à l’unanimité de ses juges le 11 juin 2020, la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme (CEDH) administre un cinglant désaveu aux autorités françaises. La Cour déclare que les condamnations précédentes des militants de la campagne BDS (pour boycott, désinvestissement, sanctions) ayant appelé au boycott de produits israéliens dans des supermarchés alsaciens en 2010, constituent une violation de leur liberté d’expression.
  • Haidar EID, "Edward Said's spectre and the end of Oslo" (Al-Jazeera, 6 June 2020): click here!
    What Edward Said predicted in the 1990s came to be. The PLO's two-state project has failed... At the end of one of these essays, he asked: "Is the current Palestinian leadership listening? Can it suggest anything better than this, given its abysmal record in a "peace process" that has led to the present horrors?" It could not back then and it cannot now. It is high time that the Palestinian people move away from the illusion of the two-state solution and try a democratic approach, one that can guarantee their basic rights - freedom, equality, and justice.
  • François DUBUISSON, "Trump 'Plan' would create a fictitious Palestinian state devoid of rights under international law" (Mondoweiss, Jan 31): click here!
    After being announced shortly after Donald Trump took office in 2017, the "Plan" (modestly called "the Vision") supposed to put an end to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was made public on January 28th. It is therefore now possible to analyse its substance in detail, deepening the reflections that have already been made on the basis of the leaks of some of its aspects... In the preamble of the "Plan", a position is taken which results in the exclusion of the whole of international law, as derived from UN resolutions and a range of other texts, as the essential basis for establishing the parameters of the solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
  • Awad ABDELFATTAH & Jeff HALPER: "A just future demands the decolonization of Palestine – and a democratic state for all" (+972, Dec 10, 2019): click here!
    Understanding the 'conflict' as a settler colonial struggle allows us to build a holistic path toward a liberated society for Palestinians and Israelis.
  • Amjad IRAQI: "Unlike South Africa, the world is giving Israel a pass on apartheid" (+972, July 26, 2019): click here!
    A UN Security Council resolution rejecting South Africa’s 1983 constitution shows that there is precedent and necessity to act against Israel’s Nation-State Law.
  • Paul LOOKMAN: "Hoe wetenschappers kunnen bijdragen aan een oplossing van de kwestie-Palestina" (Geopolitiek in Context, 7 juli, 2019): click here!
    Terreuraanslagen en de kwestie-Palestina hangen met elkaar samen. Het plan-Kushner is de laatste nagel in de doodskist van een tweestatenoplossing. De alternatieven zijn apartheid of etnische zuivering. Annexatie van de Westelijke Jordaanoever overschrijdt een Europese rode lijn. Media, politieke wetenschappers en intellectuelen kunnen het verschil maken..
  • Chemi SHIFF and Yonathan MIZRACHI: "Using archeology in the service of nationalism" (+972, July 5, 2019): click here!
    The inauguration of a supposed ancient Jewish ‘Pilgrimage Road’ by Ambassador David Friedman and White House envoy Jason Greenblatt is a reminder that archeology is never as neutral as some would like to believe.
  • B'TSELEM: "Routine harassment: Israeli military blocks access roads to 4 Palestinian villages in March-April 2019" (B'Tselem, May 20, 2019): click here!
    Route closures in West Bank villages have long since become a routine method of oppression used by Israel against West Bank residents. For example, when allegations are made that young men from some Palestinian village had thrown stones or Molotov cocktails at Israeli vehicles on local roads, the military punishes the entire population of that and nearby villages by closing the gates it had installed at their entrances over the years. Even when open, the very fact that the gates are there serves as a constant reminder that Palestinians’ freedom of movement is entirely subject to arbitrary Israeli decisions made in complete disregard for the needs of the residents.
  • Megan GIOVANNETTI: "'They have punished the victims': Hebron struggles 25 years after Ibrahimi mosque massacre" (Middle East Eye, Feb 25, 2019): click here!
    The repercussions of the attack are still felt keenly by Palestinians in Hebron, who have seen their rights eroded and their formerly bustling city centre turn into a ghost town.
  • Tessa FOX, "'Ils sont venus tuer': la violence des colons fait un autre mort en Palestine occupée" (Middle East Eye, 28 janvier 2019): click here!
    Hamdi Talib Nasan, père de quatre enfants, a été tué d'une balle dans le dos lors d'un raid des colons dans le village cisjordanien d'al-Mughayyir. Encore une fois, l'armée israélienne à proximité n'a rien fait pour protéger les Palestiniens.
  • Maureen Clare MURPHY, "How Israel makes Palestinians foreigners in their own land" (The Electronic Intifada, 26 February, 2019): click here!
    One of the most insidious aspects of Israel’s military occupation is also one of its most overlooked: its deliberate fragmentation of Palestinian society. While the spectacle of violence is typically the focus of media attention – when international media cover Israel’s oppression of Palestinians at all – the reach of Israeli control over Palestinian family life falls under the radar.
  • "Protect the Palestinian Village of Al-Mughayyir" (Haaretz Edit. Jan 27, 2019): click here!
    Village residents, like most Palestinians living under the occupation, rightly feel there is no one to defend them and no one to secure their property.
  • Gideon LEVY, "In Land of Illegal Outposts and Hate Crimes, Another Palestinian Life Claimed" (Haaretz, Jan 27, 2019): click here!
    Palestinian residents of a West Bank village are being targeted by hate crimes coming from two nearby Jewish outposts.
  • Gideon LEVY, "Welcome to the Palestine Circus" (Haaretz, Jan 27, 2019): click here!
    The Israeli trainer and his Qatari and Egyptian assistants throw a few bones, and the caged animal in Gaza surrenders.
  • Edo KONRAD, "Israel's permit regime isn't about security, it's about segregation" (+972, Jan 9, 2019): click here!
    The permit system for Palestinians allows Israel to recruit informants, suppress political activity, and create an opaque system of segregation and control. Just don't say it's about security, says Yael Berda. The image should be familiar to every person with even the slightest bit of knowledge about Palestine.
  • BACBI: "Beste Belgische regering, stop iedere samenwerking met Israël!" (De Wereld Morgen, 4 april 2018): click here!
    Na het bloedbad van 30 maart 2018 in Gaza door scherpschutters van het Israëlische leger, richten academici, kunstenaars en vertegenwoordigers van de culturele sectoren, verenigd in de Belgische Campagne voor de Academische en Culturele Boycot van Israël (BACBI), een oproep tot de Belgische regering en de EU tot krachtig protest en tot de bevolking om de BDS-boycotcampagne te versterken.

Gaza's 'Incremental Genocide':

  • "Palestinian and regional human rights organizations submit joint urgent appeal to UN Special Procedures on the escalating water and sanitation crisis in the Gaza Strip, oPt" (press release: Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, Al-Haq – Law in the Service of Man, Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies, Habitat International Coalition – Housing and Land Rights Network, Nov 10, 2020): click here!
    Four Palestinian and regional human rights organizations submitted a joint urgent appeal to the United Nations (UN) Special Procedures on the escalating water and sanitation crisis in the Gaza Strip, occupied Palestinian territory (oPt). Notably, this appeal highlights the sharp deterioration of the water and sanitation conditions in Gaza resulting from the increased punitive measures imposed by Israel against the civilian population in August 2020. Insufficient access to clean and safe drinking water and sanitation facilities in the oPt has been a hallmark of Palestinian life for decades, with resources overexploited and water quality steadily deteriorating in parallel and as a result of Israel’s illegal occupation and apartheid regime. Israel, the Occupying Power, has prohibited Palestinians in the whole oPt from drawing any of its water since 1967 and currently controls more than 85 percent of the oPt’s water sources.
  • Yara M. ASI: "Endless warnings of Gaza’s collapse are why we’re failing to prevent it" (+972, Oct 14, 2020): click here!
    The strip's rehabilitation already demanded ‘herculean efforts.’ With the spread of COVID-19, action is imperative.
  • "Explosive Remnants of War risk civilian lives in Gaza amid funding crisis" (UNRWA, 24 Sept 2020): click here!
  • David KLEIN: "Palestine and the Climate Crisis” Mondoweiss, Feb 4, 2019): click here!
    Gaza, in particular, faces environmental perils not only from changing atmospheric conditions but also from ocean acidification and ocean deoxygenation both of which threaten ocean ecology and therefore endanger a major food source for Gazans. In addition sea level is projected to rise by as much as several meters by leading climate scientist James Hansen and fellow researchers, possibly as soon as 50 years from now. These climactic changes will have devastating effects on Israel and many other countries as well, but since Gaza is essentially an open air prison whose inhabitants are confined to the coast, a single major storm could all but end life there.
  • "Water in Gaza: Scarce, polluted and mostly unfit for use” (B'Tselem, Aug 17, 2020): click here!
    Some two million Gazans suffer from a constant shortage of water, which gets worse in summer. The tap water is salty and polluted and is not fit for drinking. In the absence of other alternatives, residents are forced to use this water for bathing and washing, yet the supply is irregular and unpredictable. For drinking and cooking, they no choice to buy water privately – despite severe financial hardship – and even then it is usually substandard.
  • Maha HUSSAINI: "À Gaza, l’aggravation des conditions de vie pousse de plus en plus de Palestiniens au suicide” (Middle East Eye, 13 août, 2020): click here!
    La hausse des suicides au premier semestre 2020 illustre le terrible impact psychologique du siège israélien sur les habitants de Gaza. - Vingt-trois ans après sa libération d’une prison israélienne, Jamal Wadi se débattait toujours avec les conséquences de sa terrible expérience. Souffrant de graves traumatismes psychologiques et de problèmes de santé mentale, le Palestinien s’est suicidé le 21 juin dernier à l’âge de 54 ans. La bande de Gaza connaît une flambée des taux de suicide alors qu’elle est entrée dans sa 14e année sous blocus. Selon le Centre al-Mezan pour les droits de l’homme, basé à Gaza, au moins seize personnes se sont suicidées et des centaines d’autres ont tenté de le faire à Gaza au premier semestre 2020.
  • Report: “Gaza, The Dead-Zone. How life in the Gaza Strip changed over 14 years of Israel's strangling blockade” (Euro-Med Human Rights Monitor, January 2020, pdf, 46p.): click here!
    The Report presents overwhelming evidence of the prolonged and unlawful victimization of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip, which has intensified greatly since Israel imposed a land, sea, and air blockade in 2007. This unlawful and comprehensive block-ade has entrapped the Gazan people ever since it was established is a particularly severe and cruel form of collective punishment, which is a flagrant and continuing criminal wrong. Introduction by Richard Falk.
  • Eyal SAGIV, “Israel killed 222 Gaza protestors since 2018. Only one soldier has been indicted" (+972, Nov 6, 2019): click here!
    As Othman Hiles began climbing the Gaza fence, an Israeli soldier opened fire and killed the unarmed boy. The soldier’s sentence? Community service.
  • Gideon LEVY, “No one in Israel knew they were committing a massacre, and they didn't care" (Haaretz, Nov 17, 2019): click here!
    "The bomber pilot didn’t know. His commanders who gave him the orders also didn’t know. The defense minister and the commander in chief didn’t know. Nor did the commander of the air force. The intelligence officers who aimed at the target didn’t know. The army spokesman who lied without a qualm also didn’t know. None of our heroes knew. The ones who always know everything suddenly didn’t know. The ones who can track down the son of a wanted man in a Damascus suburb didn’t know that sleeping inside their miserable hovel in Dir al-Balah was an impoverished family. They, who serve in the most moral army and the most advanced intelligence services in the world, didn’t know that the flimsy tin shack had long since stopped being part of the “Islamic Jihad infrastructure,” and it’s doubtful that it ever was. They didn’t know and they didn’t bother to check — after all, what’s the worst that could happen? Reporter Yaniv Kubovich revealed the shocking truth on Friday on the Haaretz website : The target had not been re-examined for at least one year prior to the strike, the individual who was supposedly its target never existed and the intelligence was based on rumors. The bomb was dropped anyway. The result: eight bodies in colorful shrouds, some of them horrifically tiny, all in a row; members of a single extended family, the Asoarkas, five of them children — including two infants."
  • Report: "Poverty Rate in Gaza Strip Highest Worldwide" (Ashark Al-Awsat, Oct 21 2019): click here!
    The Ministry of Social Development in the Gaza Strip said in a report that the 2019 poverty rate in the enclave is the highest in the world. On the occasion of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, celebrated on Oct. 17, the Ministry’s undersecretary, Ghazi Hamad, said that poverty and unemployment rates have reached nearly 75 percent in 2019.
  • Jonathan COOK, “Uninhabitable: Gaza Faces Moment of Truth" (The Link, Vol. 55, Issue 3, Augustus-September 2019, pdf, 16p.): click here!
    The only way Israelis can be made to sit up and take note of the disaster unfolding next door in Gaza, it seems, is when they fear the fallout may spill out of the tiny coastal enclave and engulf them too. Environmental experts from two Israeli universities issued a report in June warning that the imminent collapse of Gaza’s water, sewage and electricity infrastructure would soon rebound on Israel.
  • Motasem A DALLOUL, “Israel’s Harsh Collective Punishment of Gaza Palestinians aims at Ethnic Cleansing" (MEMo via Informed Comment, Aug 28, 2019): click here!
    Last week, Israel announced that it was ready to open its ports for the Gaza residents who want to emigrate. This suggests strongly that the government in Tel Aviv has been inflicting suffering on the Gaza Strip intentionally in an effort to push its residents to leave.
  • UN Human Rights Council: "Report of the independent international commission of inquiry on the protests in the Occupied Palestinian Territory." (UNHRC, 40th session, 25 February-22 March 2019, Agenda item 7, Human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories, pdf, 22p.): click here!
    Briefing: "No Justification for Israel to Shoot Protesters with Live Ammunition": "The Commission has reasonable grounds to believe that during the Great March of Return, Israeli soldiers committed violations of international human rights and humanitarian law. Some of those violations may constitute war crimes or crimes against humanity, and must be immediately investigated by Israel," said the Chair of the Commission, Santiago Canton of Argentina.
  • Maureen Clare MURPHY, “Israel has injured 24,000 Gaza protesters" (The Electronic Intifada, 25 Nov, 2018): click here!
    Palestinians have paid a great price for their call for life with dignity during mass protests held along Gaza's boundary with Israel over the past eight months. Some 180 Palestinians have been shot dead by Israeli occupation forces and nearly 6,000 others injured by live fire during the Great March of Return. "The vast majority of casualties were unarmed, and were fatally shot from a distance while in the Gaza Strip itself," according to a new report by the Israeli group B'Tselem.
  • Haidar EID, “What Gaza Wants" (Mondoweiss, Nov 9, 2018): click here!
    As we, Palestinians of Gaza, embark on our long walk to freedom, we have come to the conclusion that we can no longer rely on governments; instead, we request that the citizens of the world oppose these ongoing deadly crimes.
  • Maureen Clare MURPHY, “Bloody Friday as Gaza marks six months of protests" (The Electronic Intifada, 29 Sept, 2018): click here!
    Friday marked what Gaza's health ministry described as the single bloodiest day of the Great March of Return protests since 14 May, when Israeli occupation forces fatally injured more than 60 Palestinians. Seven Palestinians, including two children [one 11 and the other 14 years old], were slain on Friday, two days shy of the six-month anniversary of the protest launch.
  • Marianne BLUM: "Laboratoire d'un Palestinocide progressif" (Ass. belgo-palestinienne, Bulletin N° 76, 16 août, 2018): click here!
    Les visées israéliennes dans la bande de Gaza semblent se réaliser. Elles sont illustrées quotidiennement.
  • Haidar EID: “Israel's Policies in Gaza are Genocidal” (Mondoweiss, Aug 3, 2018): click here!
    The practice of willful killing of civilian protesters at the Gaza fence is part and parcel of an ongoing Israeli policy targeting the civilian Palestinians of the Gaza strip and systematically denying them their rights to movement, work, medical care, study, livelihood and increasingly life itself.

Resources:

  • *PALESTINIAN REFUGEES IN (19) WEST BANK & (8) GAZA STRIP CAMPS (pdf, 2p.): click here!
  • *List of (150) Solidarity with Palestine Organisations: click here!
  • *List of (20) Jewish Solidarity Movements: click here!
  • *List of (108) Palestinian NGOs: click here!
  • *List of (41) Israeli NGOs: click here!
  • *List of (16) Israeli Critical Academic Voices: click here!
  • *List of (98) Israeli & Palestinian Human Rights & Humanitarian Organisations (24/10/2020, pdf): click here!

  • "The October 2000 Killings (October Uprising)" (Adalah, 30 Sept 2020): click here!
    "Between 1 and 8 October 2000, Israeli police officers shot dead 13 young unarmed Palestinian men, 12 citizens of Israel and one resident of Gaza. The 13 deaths and hundreds of injuries occurred when Israeli police opened fire on Palestinian citizens who had taken to the streets to protest against the Israeli military's killing and wounding of scores of Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (West Bank and Gaza) at the outbreak of the Second Intifada."
  • # Report: "Reclaiming the PLO, Re-Engaging Youth" An Al-Shabaka Policy Circle Report (August 2020, pdf, 41p.): click here!
    "Introduction: The Palestinian national movement is in an acute state of crisis, facing unprecedented obstacles to its quest for self-determination. The Oslo Accords of the 1990s and the statehood project they produced have failed on every count to secure justice for the Palestinian people. On the contrary, Israel is tightening its military control of the Palestinian territory it occupied in 1967 and expanding its illegal settlement enterprise. Meanwhile, annexation of the rest of the occupied territory is rapidly becoming reality."
  • "The Israeli Occupation of the West Bank and the Crime of Apartheid: Legal Opinion by Adv. Michael Sfard" (Yesh Din Position paper, June 2020, pdf, 58p.): click here!
    "Introduction: Apartheid?! Us?! Accusations of apartheid have been leveled at Israel, at varying degrees of intensity, for decades. Apartheid has been attributed to the Israeli regime in various contexts, at various time periods, and in relation to a variety of spaces under Israeli control and its treatment of different populations. So, for instance, the accusation was made in relation to Israel’s treatment of its Palestinian citizens, to Zionism as a movement and a concept, control of East Jerusalem, the treatment of Negev Bedouins, the military government in the occupied territories outside the Green Line and the entire Israeli project from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea."
  • "How Not to Fight Antisemitism." A Critique of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance Working Definition of Antisemitism (IHRA-WDA)" (Independent Jewish Voices Canada/Voix juives indépendantes", May 2020, pdf, 24p.): click here!
    "The IHRA-WDA is a deeply flawed document. It fails to provide an adequate objective standard that can be used to identify antisemitic incidents and/or antisemitic speech. It is insufficiently precise for legal and administrative uses, and its adoption for this purpose by Zionist lobby groups is opportunistic. Even Kenneth Stern has strongly opposed its use as a legal or administrative definition of antisemitism. He has warned that such a use will be a threat to both academic freedom and freedom of expression in general."
  • Human Rights Watch: "Born Without Civil Rights. Israel’s Use of Draconian Military Orders to Repress Palestinians in the West Bank" (November 2019, ISBN: 978-1-6231-37816, pdf, 97p.): click here! Summary (Dec 17): click here!
    The Israeli army has deprived generations of Palestinians in the West Bank of their basic civil rights, including the rights to free assembly, association and expression, regularly drawing on military orders issued in the first days of the occupation. Even if such restrictions could have been justified then to preserve public order and safety, the suspension of core rights more than half a century later with no end in sight violates Israel’s core responsibilities under the law of occupation.
  • ADDAMEER "Collects Hard Evidence on Torture and Ill-Treatment Committed against Palestinian Detainees at Israeli Interrogation Centers" (23 Dec 2019, pdf, 8p.): click here!
    Since its creation, the occupying state developed and enforced laws and practices that led to both the systematic use of torture and to absolute impunity for the perpetrator of this crime. There has never been any individual or agency held accountable for the well-documented crimes of torture and ill-treatment at Israeli prisons and interrogation centers. The occupation authorities, in particular, the Israeli intelligence agency “Shabak” resorts to torture and ill-treatment as standard operating procedure in a systematic and wide-scale approach against Palestinian detainees.
  • ADDAMEER Annual Violations Report 2018 (pdf, 98p.): click here!
    In 2018, the Israeli occupation authorities continued implementing their main policy to enshrine the apartheid and racism regime against Palestinians, this policy is integrated within its laws, judiciary and practices… In 2018, the Israeli occupation forces (IOF) arrested around (6500) Palestinians, including (1080) children, (133) women, (6) PLC members and (17) journalists. Additionally, they issued (912) administrative detention orders, (398) of which were new. In 2018, the IOF continued its policy of arbitrary detention of Palestinians. The year, 2018, ended with 5700 Palestinian detained in Israeli prisons, this number included (230) were children, (54) are females including one minor, approximately (500) administrative detainees, (19) journalists, (8) PLC members, and around (700) prisoners with health issues needing urgent medical attention. There are also (27) long-term prisoners who were arrested before the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1993; including the two longest serving prisoners, Karim and Maher Younis, who were arrested in 1983.”
  • Kenniscentrum Israël Palestina. Documentatie over Palestijnen, Israël, Midden-Oosten (docP): click here!
    Een volledig vernieuwd digitaal kenniscentrum over Israël en Palestina. Met inmiddels een kleine honderd artikelen over onderwerpen die belangrijk zijn voor het begrip van wat er is gebeurd in het Palestina van vóór 1948, in de joodse staat vanaf 1948 en in de bezette gebieden. En voor wat er vandaag de dag aan de hand is in de Negev woestijn, in de Jordaanvallei en in Jeruzalem...
  • Court of Justice of the European Union, "Press Release No 140/19, 12 November 2019" (pdf, 2p.): click here!
    Foodstuffs originating in the territories occupied by the State of Israel must bear the indication of their territory of origin, accompanied, where those foodstuffs come from an Israeli settlement within that territory, by the indication of that provenance.
  • "Letter from European researchers and academics concerning Israel's participation in Horizon Europe" (June 4, 2019, pdf, 6p., with list of 155 endorsers): click here!
    Letter sent to: Ms. Federica Mogherini - High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, and to: Mr Carlos Moedas - European Commission, DG for Research and Innovation. The letter was answered by Commissioner Moedas, July 11: click here!
  • World Health Organization - Occupied Palestinian Territories & Health Cluster oPt: "Emergency Trauma Response to the Gaza Mass Demonstrations 2018–2019. A One-Year Review of Trauma Data and the Humanitarian Consequences" (Issued May 2019, pdf, 86p.): click here!
    Gaza’s health system is chronically deteriorating and more than a decade of blockade has led to a serious deterioration of the social determinants of health. Water from the aquifer is basically unfit for human consumption, sewage flows largely untreated into the Mediterranean and the economy is stifled, with unemployment rates way over 50%. Of the 1.4 million Palestinians in need of humanitarian interventions in 2019, 1.2 million live in the Gaza Strip.
  • Israeli & Palestinian Human Rights Organisations" (BACBI, pdf, 2p.): click here!
  • Report: "House Demolitions as a Central Tool for the Dispossession and Concentration of the Bedouin Population in the Negev/Naqab: Updated Data for 2017" (Dukium, Nov 27, 2018, pdf, 33p.): click here!
    In the course of 2017, an unprecedented amount of 2,220 structures were demolished in the Bedouin communities in the Negev/Naqab - an unfathomable number. The State of Israel implements its demolition policy in all Bedouin localities, recognized and unrecognized alike, and demolishes new structures alongside old ones, in order to force its Bedouin citizens to settle according to the government’s aspirations and the various master-plans it created.
  • Ico MALY: "Over Racisme en beeldvorming in het Israëlisch-Palestijnse conflict" (Licentieverhandeling, UGent 2001): click here!
  • "I've Been There": "A Study of Torture and Inhumane Treatment in Al-Moscabiyah Interrogation Center" (Report of Addameer, 25 Oct 2018, pdf, 46p.): click here!
  • "September 2018 Demolition and Displacement Report" (ICAHD - The Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions, Oct 3): click here!
  • "Questions & Réponses: Ce que vous avez besoin de savoir à propos des réfugiés palestiniens et des personnes déplacées internes" (BADIL, mai 2015, pdf, 32p.): click here!
  • Jonathan COOK: "Apartheid Israel" (16p., The Link, Vol. 51, Issue 2, April-May 2018): click here!
  • "Palestine and the Israeli Occupation, Issue No. 1: Israeli Practices towards the Palestinian People and the Question of Apartheid". Rapporteurs: Prof. Richard Falk & Prof. Virginia Tilley. UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (Beirut 2017, 74p., was removed but is saved on bacbi.be): click here! La traduction française (AURDIP, 62p.): click here!
    The authors of this report, examining whether Israel has established an apartheid regime that oppresses and dominates the Palestinian people as a whole, fully appreciate the sensitivity of the question. Even broaching the issue has been denounced by spokespersons of the Israeli Government and many of its supporters as anti-Semitism in a new guise.
  • "Palestine and the Israeli Occupation, Issue No. 1: Israeli Practices towards the Palestinian People and the Question of Apartheid, Executive Summary" (UN-ESCWA, 2017): click here!
    "This report concludes that Israel has established an apartheid regime that dominates the Palestinian people as a whole. Aware of the seriousness of this allegation, the authors of the report conclude that available evidence establishes beyond a reasonable doubt that Israel is guilty of policies and practices that constitute the crime of apartheid as legally defined in instruments of international law".
  • Herman DE LEY, "“Moreel verwerpelijk”: Tweede open brief aan minister Alexander De Croo" (De Wereld Morgen, 28 sept 2018 ): click here!
    "Telkens in uw repliek de Israëlische zijde ter sprake komt, kenmerkt uw woordgebruik zich door een hoge mate aan empathie en gevoelsmatig inlevingsvermogen. Dit empathische taalgebruik blijft bij u achterwege zodra de duizenden onschuldige, Palestijnse slachtoffers ter sprake komen. Dit volharden in een 2-maten-2-gewichten-politiek, waarin de zwakke wél zwaar wordt aangepakt maar men de sterke de facto laat betijen, hoe moeten we dat vanuit moreel opzicht benoemen, geachte Minister De Croo? Ik zou durven gewagen van: “moreel verwerpelijk”."
  • Alexander DE CROO: "De Croo reageert op kritiek tegen stopzetting Belgische ondersteuning van Palestijns ministerie van Onderwijs" (De Wereld Morgen, 25 sept 2018 ): click here!
  • Herman DE LEY, "'Vrijheidsstrijder' versus 'Terrorist': Open brief aan De Croo, minister van Ontwikkelingssamenwerking" (De Wereld Morgen, 21 sept 2018 ): click here!
  • Herman DE LEY, "Lettre ouverte à Alexander De Croo, Vice-Premier ministre et ministre de la Coopération au développement" (Pour la Palestine, 19 sept 2018 ): click here!
  • "BACBI "Lettre ouverte de condamnation du massacre à Gaza perpétré par l’État d’Israël." (le avril 2018, pdf, 3p.): click here!
  • "BACBI Lettre: "ll faut libérer Ahed Tamimi." Aux Membres de la Chambre des représentants, du Sénat de Belgique et des Parlements régionaux ( (Nevele, le 22 février 2018, pdf, 6p.): click here!
  • "BACBI : "Brief voor de vrijlating van de Palestijnse tiener Ahed Tamimi." Aan de leden van de Belgische Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers, de Belgische Senaat en de regionale parlementen (Nevele, 21 februari 2018, pdf, 11p.): click here!
  • BACBI-Dossier N° 3 (EN): "Boycott Israel (BDS), A Moral Duty", Part 1 (draft): "Apartheid" (11 March 2018, pdf, 69 p.): click here!
  • BACBI-Dossier N° 3 (EN): "Boycott Israel (BDS), A Moral Duty", Part 2 (draft): "Boycott" (23 Oktober 2018, pdf, 78 p.): click here!
  • BACBI-Dossier Nr 3 (NL): "Boycot Israël (BDS), een morele plicht" (12 mei 2017, pdf, 55 blz.): click here!
  • BACBI-Dossier Nr 3 (FR):"Le boycott d'Israël (BDS), un devoir moral" (traduction par J.-M. Flémal, 10 mai, 2017, pdf, 45p.): click here!
  • Letter to Ms. Federica Mogherini and Mr. Carlos Moedas (March 8, 2017): click here! Also on AURDIP, 10 mars: click here! Trad. française: click here!. Nederlandse vertaling: click here!
  • BACBI-Dossier Nr 2 (EN): "The "LAW-TRAIN" Project: Why A Partnership With The Israeli Police Is Indefensible" (March 8, 2017, pdf, 50p.): click here!
  • BACBI-Dossier Nr 2 (FR): "Le projet "LAW-TRAIN": Un partenariat avec la police israélienne est indéfendable" (15 février 2017, pdf, 50p.): click here!
  • BACBI-Dossier Nr 2 (NL): "Het “LAW-TRAIN” Project: Waarom een partnership met de Israëlische politie onverdedigbaar is" (17 maart 2017, pdf, 54p.): click here!
  • BACBI-Dossier Nr 1b: "Universiteit en Kolonialisme. Bedenkingen bij partnerships met Israël" (Herman De Ley, 4 maart 2017, pdf, 97 p.): click here!
  • BACBI-Dossier Nr 1: "Kritische bedenkingen bij UGent partnerships met “Technion – Israel Institute of Technology” en “Israel Aerospace Industry (IAI)”. (23 januari 2016, pdf, 19p.): click here!
  • Katarzyna LEMANSKA: "Les liens entre la Belgique et l'occupation israélienne" (Étude, avril 2014; mise à jour en août 2014, pdf, 89p.): click here!
  • Uri Yacobi KELLER: "Academic Boycott of Israel and the Complicity of Israeli Academic Institutions in Occupation of Palestinian Territories" (in: The Economy of the Occupation, A Socioeconomic Bulletin, No 23, October 2009, The Alternative Information Center), pdf, 64pp.: click here!

Resources: Books

  • "Enforcing Silence. Academic Freedom, Palestine and the Criticism of Israel". Edited by David LANDY, Ronit LENTIN, and Conor McCARTHY. ZED Books, May 2020, ISBN 9781786996503, 288p. Pb: £15.19.
    Situates the academic boycott of Israel in the broader context of academic freedom. This collection uses the controversies surrounding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as a means of exploring the limits placed on academic freedom in a variety of different national contexts. It looks at how the increased neoliberalisation of higher education has shaped the current climate, and considers how academics and their universities should respond to these new threats. Bringing together new and established scholars from Palestine and the wider Middle East as well as the US and Europe, "Enforcing Silence" shows us how we can and must defend our universities as places for critical thinking and free expression.
  • Rashid KHALIDI, "The Hundred Years' War on Palestine. A History of Settler Colonial Conquest and Resistance." Profile Books, Feb 6, 2020, hardback, 9781781259337, 336p. Price (The Guardian Bookshop): £21.00 (£25.00): click here!
    Avi Shlaim. "Riveting and original ... a work enriched by solid scholarship, vivid personal experience, and acute appreciation of the concerns and aspirations of the contending parties in this deeply unequal conflict," Noam Chomsky.
  • Ramzy BAROUD, "THESE CHAINS WILL BE BROKEN. Palestinian Stories of Struggle and Defiance in Israeli Prisons." Publ. by Clarity Press, Nov 2019, ISBN 9781949762099, 204p. Price: £16.00 - $24.95. Foreword by Khalida JARRAR, Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council. Afterword by Richard FALK, former UN Special Rapporteur. Illustrated by Dalia Alkayyali, click here!
    Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians have experienced life in Israel's prisons since 1967, as did many more in previous decades during the course of the ongoing Israeli military occupation. Yet rarely has the story of their experiences in Israeli jails been told by the prisoners themselves. Typically the Western media portrays them as 'terrorists' while well-meaning third-party human rights advocates paint them as hapless victims. They are neither. This book permits the reader to access the reality of Palestinian imprisonment as told by Palestinian prisoners themselves - stories of appalling suffering and determination to reclaim their freedom. Palestinian prisoners are an essential element in the collective resistance against Israeli colonialism, apartheid and military occupation. Rather than being viewed as unfortunate victims, their steadfastness exemplifies the ongoing fight of the Palestinian people as a whole. Despite Palestinian factionalism and lack of a unified political movement, Palestinian prisoners held in Israeli prisons serve as one of the remaining platforms for unity.
  • Abeer BAKER & Anat MATAR (ed.), "Threat. Palestinian Political Prisoners in Israel" Pluto Press 2013, 261 p., ISBN: 978-0-7453-3020-4; £12: click here!
    Palestinian prisoners charged with security-related offences are immediately taken as a threat to Israel's security. They are seen as potential, if not actual, suicide bombers. This stereotype ignores the political nature of the Palestinian prisoners' actions and their desire for liberty.
  • Yasmeen ABU-LABAN & Abigail B. BAKAN, "Israel, Palestine and the Politics of Race." I.B. Tauris 2019, ISBN: 9781780765334, 352p. Online price: £20.69: click here!
    As the situation in Israel/Palestine seems to become ever more intractable and protracted, the need for new ways of looking at recent developments and their historical roots is more pressing than ever. Bearing this in mind, Yasmeen Abu-Laban and Abigail B.Bakan discuss the historic and contemporary dynamics in Israel/Palestine, and their international reverberations, from the unique vantage point of 'race', racialization, racism and anti-racism. They therefore offer close analysis of the 'idea' of Israel and the 'absence' of Palestine by examining the concepts of race and identity in the region. With fresh coverage of themes relating to gender, indigeneity, the environment, surveillance and the war on terror, "Israel, Palestine and the Politics of Race" will appeal to scholars in political science, sociology and Middle East studies.
  • Massoud HAYOUN, "When We Were Arabs: A Jewish Family's Forgotten History." The New Press, 2019, hard cover, 304 p., ISBN: 978-1-62097-416-2; $ 24.29.: click here!
    Review/Report: Dana El Kurd, "Memoir of a Jewish Arab" (Middle East Report Online, Oct 04): click here!
  • Noura ERAKAT, "Justice for Some. Law and the Question of Palestine." Stanford UP, April 2019, Cloth ISBN: 9780804798259, 352 pages, $30.00: click here!
    Justice for Some offers a new approach to understanding the Palestinian struggle for freedom, told through the power and control of international law. Focusing on key junctures — from the Balfour Declaration in 1917 to present-day wars in Gaza — Noura Erakat shows how the strategic deployment of law has shaped current conditions. Over the past century, the law has done more to advance Israel's interests than the Palestinians'. But, Erakat argues, this outcome was never inevitable. Interview & excerpt on Jadaliyya: click here!
  • Uri BEN-ELIEZER, "War over Peace: One Hundred Years of Israel’s Militaristic Nationalism." Transl. by Shaul Vardi. 2019, University of California Press, ISBN: 9780520304345, 328p., $34.95/£27.00: click here!
    Review by Rod Such, "Religiously inspired colonial nationalism feeds Israel’s wars" (The Electronic Intifada, 14 Aug): click here!
    Religiously inspired colonial nationalism feeds Israel's wars. "War over Peace", by the Israeli sociologist Uri Ben-Eliezer, raises several questions about the nature of Israeli society, chief among them being: Why has Israel attempted to solve virtually every conflict it has encountered or engendered by military rather than diplomatic means? His answer might briefly be summarized as follows: War and violence are embedded in Zionist ideology.
  • Ronit LENTIN, "Traces of Racial Exception. Racializing Israeli Settler Colonialism" Bloomsbury, 2018, ISBN: 9781350032057, 224p.; online price: £73.44: click here!
    Positioning race front and centre, this book theorizes that political violence, in the form of a socio-political process that differentiates between human and less-than-human populations, is used by the state of Israel in racializing and ruling the citizens of occupied Palestine. Lentin argues that Israel's rule over Palestine is an example of Agamben's state of exception, Goldberg's racial state and Wolfe's settler colony; the Israeli racial settler colony employs its laws to rule besieged Palestine, while excluding itself and its Jewish citizen-colonists from legal instruments and governmental technologies. Governing through emergency legislation and through practices of exception, emergency, necessity and security, Israel positions itself outside domestic and international law.
  • Ilan PAPPE, "Ten Myths About Israel" Verso, 2017, ISBN: 978-1-78663-019-3, 171p.; £9.99: click here!
    In this groundbreaking book, published on the fiftieth anniversary of the Occupation, the outspoken and radical Israeli historian Ilan Pappé examines the most contested ideas concerning the origins and identity of the contemporary state of Israel.
  • Nadia ABU-ZAHRA & Adah KAY, "Unfree in Palestine. Registration, Documentation and Movement Restriction" Pluto Press 2013, 222p.; £24.99: click here!
    This book reveals the role played by identity documents in Israel's apartheid policies towards the Palestinians, from the red passes of the 1950s to the orange, green and blue passes of today. The authors chronicle how millions of Palestinians have been denationalised through the bureaucratic tools of census, population registration, blacklisting and a discriminatory legal framework. They show how identity documents are used by Israel as a means of coercion, extortion, humiliation and informant recruitment. Movement restrictions tied to IDs and population registers threaten Palestinian livelihoods, freedom of movement and access to basic services such as health and education.

BACBI's Coordinating Committee:

Prof. Karel Arnaut (KU Leuven), Em. Prof. Marie-Christine Closon (UCL), Prof. Patrick Deboosere (VUB), Prof. Lieven De Cauter (KU Leuven), Em. Prof. Herman De Ley (UGent), Em. Prof. Marc De Meyere (UGent), Prof. Serge Deruette (UMons), Lieve Franssen (dirigent Brussels Brecht-Eislerkoor), Carl Gydé (directeur CAMPO), Em. Prof. Madeline Lutjeharms (VUB), Prof. Perrine Humblet (ULB), Prof. Marc Jacquemain (Université de Liège), Raven Ruëll (régisseur), Em. Prof. Christiane Schomblond (ULB), Dr. Nozomi Takahashi (UGent), Prof. Karin Verelst (VUB).

BACBI's Secretariat: click here!

 

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