Belgian Academics & Artists For Palestine


Zionist Settler Colonialism
Resources (latest last):
  • Patrick WOLFE, « Settler Colonialism and the Transformation of Anthropology. » The Politics and Poetics of an Ethnographic Event (Writing Past Colonialism Series, 1999, 257p., pdf), click here.
  • Patrick WOLFE, « Settler Colonialism and the Elimination of the Native » (Journal of Genocide Research, Volume 8, 2006 - Issue 4), click here.
    The question of genocide is never far from discussions of settler colonialism. Land is life - or, at least, land is necessary for life. Thus contests for land can be - indeed, often are - contests for life. Yet this is not to say that settler colonialism is simply a form of genocide. In some settler-colonial sites (one thinks, for instance, of Fiji), native society was able to accommodate - though hardly unscathed - the invaders and the transformative socioeconomic system that they introduced. Even in sites of wholesale expropriation such as Australia or North America, settler colonialism's genocidal outcomes have not manifested evenly across time or space...
  • Lorenzo VERACINI, « Israel and Settler Society » (Pluto Press, 2006, 144p.)
    Veracini presents a thoughtful interpretation of the dynamics of colonialism, offering a clear framework within which to understand the Middle East crisis. Veracini challenges two important myths: firstly, that the Israeli-Palestinian dispute is unique and defies comparative approaches; and secondly that the struggle is mainly based in nationality and religion and therefore different to typical colonial conflicts.
  • Bouda ETEMAD, « Pour une approche démographique de l'expansion coloniale de l'Europe » (Annales de démographie historique 2007/1 (n° 113), pages 13 à 32), click here.
    Les Européens d’aujourd’hui sont les descendants des plus actifs colonisateurs que le monde ait connus. Même si les habitants du continent européen ne revendiquent plus cette filiation, ils restent les héritiers d’une œuvre coloniale aux dimensions planétaires. Et même si cette œuvre n’est plus glorifiée, elle fait partie du patrimoine européen. Si le passé colonial colle à notre présent, c’est parce que la fin véritable des empires n’est vieille que de quarante ans. C’est aussi parce que le fait colonial, brutal et massif, passe pour être à l’origine de l’inégalité de notre monde, déchiré par les écarts Nord-Sud.
  • Mansour NASASRA, « The Ongoing Judaisation of the Naqab and the Struggle for Recognising the Indigenous Rights of the Arab Bedouin People » (Settler colonial studies 2, 1, 2012. Past is Present: Settler Colonialism in Palestine. ISSN 1838‐0743, pp. 81-107): click here.
    This paper argues that there is a current and renewed escalation in Israeli policies towards the indigenous Bedouin of the Naqab and Beersheba, and that this escalation emerges from two longstanding, fundamental Israeli aims: Judaising the Naqab; and putting an end to the persistent Bedouin claims to their historical land and rights. The repeated demolition of the village of Al-Araqib on July 2010 is just the latest outstanding example of the Israeli policies of Judaising the Naqab and denying Bedouin land claims and historical rights. Israel appears to be pursing an ultimate solution to the demographic concern of the Bedouin in the Naqab by bringing more settlers into the area, and expelling the majority of the Bedouin of the unrecognised villages to live in urban towns.
  • « Past is Present: Settler Colonialism in Palestine. » In: Settler Colonial Studies, Vol. 2, 2012, Issue 1 (publ. online: 28 Feb 2013, pp. 133-171), click here. "Front Matter" (4p.), by the editors: Omar Jabary Salamanca, Mezna Qato, Kareem Rabie and Sobhi Samour (4p.), click here. PS Full list of (24) contributions (with URLs per item, pdf): click here.
  • Patrick WOLFE, « Purchase by Other Means: The Palestine Nakba and Zionism’s Conquest of Economics. » In: "Past is Present: Settler Colonialism in Palestine" (pp. 133-171), click here.
  • J. Kēhaulani KAUANUI, « “A Structure, Not an Event”: Settler Colonialism and Enduring Indigeneity » (Emergent Critical Analytics for Alternative Humanities, Issue 5.1, Spring 2016, publ. in: Lateral Journal of the Cultural Studies Association), click here.
    J. Kēhaulani Kauanui discusses the distinctive shifts toward examining Patrick Wolfe’s theory of settler colonialism as ‘a structure, not an event.’ Kauanui argues that a substantive engagement with settler colonialism also demands a deep rethinking of the associated concept of indigeneity–distinct from race, ethnicity, culture, and nation(ality)–along with the field of Native American and Indigenous Studies.
  • Tariq DANA & Ali JARBAWI, « A Century of Settler Colonialism in Palestine: Zionism's Entangled Project » (Brown Journal of World Affairs, Fall/Winter 2017, Vol. XXIV, Issue 1, pp. 1-23): click here.
    Throughout the past century, the Zionist movement constructed the most ated settler-colonial project of our age: the State of Israel. The violent birth of Israel in 1948 and the subsequent colonization of the entirety of the land of Palestine after the 1967 war are indeed reflections of Zionism’s successes in fulfilling its settler-colonial ambitions in Palestine. Yet, while this settler-colonial project continues unabated, it is an entangled one, unable to reach the ultimate point of Jewish exclusivity in the land. Zionist settler colonialism, as its historical precedents suggest, is fundamentally based on the operative logic of “eliminating the native” and failing to utterly marginalize and “minoritize” him.
  • Jeff HALPER: « Decolonizing Israel, Liberating Palestine. Zionism, Settler Colonialism, and the Case for One Democratic State » Foreword by Nadia Naser-Najjab. Pluto Press, 2021, 244p.
    For decades we have spoken of the 'Israel-Palestine Conflict,' but what if our understanding of the issue has been wrong all along? This book explores how the concept of settler colonialism provides a clearer understanding of the Zionist movement's project to establish a Jewish state in Palestine, displacing the Palestinian Arab population and marginalizing its cultural presence.
  • Sai ENGLERT: « Settler Colonialism. An Introduction. » Pluto Press, September 2022, 304p. pb ISBN: 9780745344904; eBook ISBN: 9780745344980. click here!
    From the Palestinian struggle against Israeli Apartheid, to First Nations' mass campaigns against pipeline construction in North America, Indigenous peoples are at the forefront of some of the crucial struggles of our age. Rich with their unique histories, characteristics, and social relations, they are connected by the shared enemy they face: settler colonialism... In this introduction, Sai Englert highlights the ways in which it has, and continues to shape our global economic and political order. From the rapacious accumulation of resources, land, and labour, through Indigenous dispossession and genocide, to the development of racism as a form of social control, settler colonialism is deeply connected to many of the social ills we continue to face today.
  • « Israeli Apartheid: Tool of Zionist Settler Colonialism. Landmark Palestinian Coalition Report » (Al-Haq, November 30, 2022, 111p., pdf) : click here!
    Authors: Rania Muhareb, Elizabeth Rghebi, Pearce Clancy, Joseph Schechla, Nada Awad, and Maha Abdallah.
    On 29 November 2022, Al-Haq launched its inaugural coalition report titled: ‘Israeli Apartheid: Tool of Zionist Settler Colonialism’. Together leading Palestinian human rights organisations, Al-Haq, Addameer Prisoner Support and Human Rights Association, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights (Al Mezan), the Jerusalem Legal Aid and Human Rights Center (JLAC), the Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialogue and Democracy (MIFTAH), and the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR), explore Israel’s settler colonial and apartheid regime imposed on the Palestinian people. Importantly, the report is the first major Palestinian publication to expand the current international discourse on apartheid, and importantly, examines apartheid as a structural element of furthering Zionist settler colonialism on both sides of the Green Line.
  • "International Call to Endorse the « Landmark Palestinian Coalition Report: Israeli Apartheid: Tool of Zionist Settler Colonialism »” Al-Haq, Information Sheet (November 30, 2022). Full text, with list of the 198 organizations (pdf, 7p.): click here!
  • « One Year Report on Demolitions and Seizures in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. Reporting Period: 1 January – 31 December 2022 . » Office of the European Union Representative (West Bank and Gaza Strip, UNRWA), 28 March, 2023, pdf, 12p.): click here!
    Summary: In 2022, a total of 953 structures were demolished or seized throughout the West Bank, including East Jerusalem - the highest number recorded since 2016. Of structures demolished, more than 80% (781) were located in Area C. In total, 1,031 individuals have been displaced and 28,446 affected as a result of demolitions. All but 35 of the structures were targeted for lacking building permits, which are nearly impossible for Palestinians to obtain in Area C and East Jerusalem Of the structures targeted in the twelve-month reporting period, 101 structures were funded by the EU or EU Member States (valued at EUR €337,019), representing the third highest financial injury since 2016....
Chronological list (latest first):
  • "The Israeli Yeshiva in the West Bank Signaling the Long-awaited Relaunch of a Settlement" (Haaretz, May 29, 2023): click here!
    The relocating of the school is one of the new hard-right government's most significant steps to deepen the settlement enterprise and block the forming of a Palestinian state.
  • Aziza NOFAL & Zena AL TAHHAN: "‘War crime’: Israel forcibly transfers Palestinian village" (AlJazeera, May 25, 2023): click here!
    The 200 residents of Ein Samiya were forced to leave their land after years of Israeli settler and army violence.
  • Juan COLE: "Smotrich Plans to Send 500k further Israeli Squatters in to Steal More Palestinian Land in West Bank" (Informed Comment, May 20, 2023): click here!
    Yaniv Kubovich and Ben Samuels at Haaretz report that far-right extremist Bezalel Smotrich is preparing to send in another half-million Israeli squatters to steal Palestinian land in the West Bank. Smotrich is the leader of the Religious Zionism bloc in parliament and the finance minister in the Netanyahu cabinet, who also was given responsibility for the Palestinian West Bank.
  • Bethan McKERNAN: "A precious resource: how Israel uses water to control the West Bank" (The Guardian, May 17, 2023): click here!
    In occupied West Bank villages, Israeli-owned farms are flourishing, while Palestinians often do not have enough water to drink.
  • Patrick WINTOUR: "Israel treats Palestinian territories like colonies, says UN rapporteur" (The Guardian, May 12, 2023): click here!
    Francesca Albanese says Israel is maintaining occupation to get as much land as possible for Jewish people.
  • Juan COLE: "Thousands of Fascist Israeli Militiamen, led by Cabinet members, march in Palestinian West Bank for Illegal Squatter-Settlement, as 27 Palestinians are Wounded and 100 are Tear-gassed" (Informed Comment, April 11, 2023): click here!
    The Israeli newspaper Arab 48 reports that on Monday about 17,000 Israeli squatters marched through the Palestinian West Bank to the shuttered illegal squatter-settlement of Evyatar on Mount Sabih near the hamlet of Beita in the vicinity of Nablus, demanding its revival. Some 27 Palestinian counter-protesters suffered injuries from rubber-tipped metal bullets, and another hundred suffered ill effects from inhalation of military-grade tear gas. They were shot by Israeli troops that provided security to the far-right march.
  • Gideon LEVY: "Who Cares if Palestinians Are Dead or Alive?" (Haaretz, April 2, 2023): click here!
    A family is informed that their son has fallen in battle. Another family, from the same community, is informed that their son has been wounded and captured, and is now lying in the enemy’s hospital beyond the border.
  • Alice SPERI: "Labs of Oppression" (The Intercept, April 1, 2023): click here!
    As Israelis Protest Mounting Authoritarianism, Apartheid Regime over Palestinians Goes Unchallenged
  • Ilan PAPPÉ: "Using the Right Language: The ‘Incremental Genocide’ of the Palestinians Continues" (The Palestine Chronicle, March 16, 2023): click here!
    I am writing this op-ed on March 10, 2023. Seventy-five years ago, on this date, the military command of the Zionist leadership publicized Plan Dalet, or Plan D, which, among other guidelines, instructed the Zionist forces on their way to occupy hundreds of Palestinian villages and several towns and neighborhoods in historical Palestine, to carry out.
  • Yousef MUNAYYER: « The settler-colonial origins of Israel’s constitutional crisis » (+972, 24 Feb 2023): click here!
    The government’s assault on the judiciary is driven by the same urge as the state’s founders: to protect their power to privilege Jews over Palestinians.
  • Amira HASS: « This Is the Disturbing Reality of Israeli Land Theft and Right-wing Rule » (Haaretz, Feb 23, 2023): click here! [
    The Knesset's approval of a bill allowing Israelis to remain in four West Bank settlements reflects the rise of the monster against its creator. Methods that Israel and the settlers have successfully employed against Palestinians are now undermining a large segment of Jewish Israeli society.
  • Adam RAZ: « How Israel Used Flags to Assert Its Rule Over the Palestinians » (Haaretz, February 17, 2023): click here!
    Historical documents expose the abysmal seriousness that Israel devoted to flag waving by Palestinians, and no less to the hoisting of the Israeli flag.
  • Peace Now: "The Security and Political Cabinet approved the establishment of 9 new settlements by authorizing 10 illegal outposts in the Occupied Territories" (Feb 15, 2023): click here!
    Peace Now: “The Israeli government continues to act with determination in order to deepen the occupation and create facts on the ground to prevent the possibility of a future Palestinian state. The promotion of thousands of housing units in settlements in addition to the decision to establish nine new settlements, through the authorization and expansion of outposts, jeopardizes the possibility of a future Palestinian State as well as a prize for criminals and violent settlers. Anyone who is concerned about the judiciary and regime change that the government is advancing, needs to look at what it is vigorously promoting in the occupied territories, which too is an existential threat. While the immediate and primary victims are the Palestinian residents and the Palestinian people as a whole, the government imposes on all Israelis to live in a non-democratic state because there cannot be a democracy alongside occupation and settlements.”
  • "Israel 'legalises' colonial outposts, causing further irritation in Washington’" (Middle East Monitor, Feb 13, 2023): click here!
    Israel has "legalised" nine colonial outposts in the occupied West Bank, turning them into official settlements. The decision, which is said to be the first legalisation of such outposts by the Israeli government since 2012, has caused further irritation in Washington.
  • Meron RAPOPORT: "UN expert: ‘Apartheid is in front of your eyes everywhere you go’" (+972, Feb 6, 2023): click here!
    Francesca Albanese discusses the recent attacks against her, defining Israel's occupation as settler colonialism, and using international law to dismantle it.
  • Yair WALLACH: "The racial logic behind Palestine’s partition” (+972, Jan 10, 2013): click here!
    Partition was rarely endorsed as a solution to settler colonialism. But Europe's racialization of Jews distinguished Zionism from other settler enterprises.
  • Joseph MASSAD: "Biblical myths justifying conquest of Palestine belong in dustbin of history” (Middle East Eye, Jan 9, 2013): click here!
    Zionist claims regards the colonisation of Palestine have been comprehensively debunked, but they are still deployed to convince Christians and liberals.
  • Maureen Clare MURPHY: "Why Zionist settler colonialism must be confronted” (The Electronic Intifada, 23 Dec, 2022): click here!
    Israeli apartheid is a tool of Zionist settler colonialism in Palestine facilitating the state’s aim of displacing and replacing indigenous Palestinians on their land. Such is made clear in a new report by the Palestinian human rights group Al-Haq, endorsed by a coalition of Palestinian civil society organizations. The more than 200-page study builds on decades of Palestinian scholarship and advocacy and corrects fundamental flaws in recent publications on apartheid by Israeli and international human rights groups. “Zionist settler colonialism and its eliminatory and population transfer logic remain missing” from these analyses, Al-Haq states.
  • Amira HASS: "Internal Documents Reveal Israeli Settlers' Dedication to Ousting ‘Arabs’ From West Bank" (Haaretz, Dec 12, 2022): click here!
    An internal Civil Administration document, in the form of a map and Excel spreadsheet, shows the close cooperation of state and settlers in dispossessing Palestinians.
  • "On Human Rights Day: Al Mezan condemns Israel’s settler-colonial and apartheid practices against the Palestinian people" (Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, Dec 10, 2022): click here!
    Every year, on December 10, Human Rights Day is celebrated. That same day, in 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), a foundational document that laid the foundation of international human rights law. Marking the day routinely features global efforts for the promotion of human rights.
  • Katherine NATANEL: "Affect, excess & settler colonialism in Palestine/Israel" (Settler Colonial Studies, publ. online, Aug 18, 2022, pdf, 24p.): click here!
    Abstract. What happens when we pay attention to the sensations of ourresearch? Based on an image and encounter duringfieldwork inWest Jerusalem, this article traces how a feeling of discomfortboth confirms and challenges what we (think we) know aboutsettler colonialism in Palestine/Israel.
  • Yara SA'DI-IBRAHEEM: "Settler-colonial dispossession in West Jerusalem: between the personal and the collective" (Settler Colonial Studies, publ. online, Feb 21, 2022, pdf, 24p.): click here!
    Abstract. This article analyzes a spontaneous encounter between a Palestinian refugee—stepping over the threshold of her childhood home for the first time in seventy years, following its expropriation—and the current Israeli Jewish owner. This unusual encounter led us to propose a new understanding of dispossession based on both its personal (symbolic–emotional) and collective (economic–political) meanings. The former dimension is expressed in the Palestinians’ acts of remembering and visiting their pre-1948 homes, not only as a reflection of the past and a nostalgic impulse, but also as a way of shaping, intervening in, and influencing the present. The latter, collective meaning, explores the multiplicity of dispossession processes in a settler-colonial society in which the capitalist mode of production already existed before the settlers arrived.
  • Giulia DANIELE: "Mizrahi Jews and the Zionist settler colonial context: between inclusion and struggle" (Settler Colonial Studies, July 16, 2020, pp. 461-480; abstract): click here!
    Abstract. This article intends to analyse the ‘in-between' category of Mizrahi Jews within Israeli society. The main objective is to draw attention to how Israel’s Mizrahi majority has been part of the Zionist settler colonial system itself while, at the same time, it has been greatly marginalised from the mainstream Zionist discourse led by white Ashkenazi Jews. Theoretically founded on the interconnection of three major approaches, namely settler colonialism, critical whiteness, and decolonial feminism, this contribution aims to question the current academic debate depicting asymmetric power relations founded on race, ethnic, gender and class discrimination inside Israeli society. Accordingly, Zionist settler colonialism needs to be critically analysed from a Mizrahi perspective, providing an additional element for understanding the relevance of connecting all the actors involved in the Zionist settler colonial project and reinforcing the discourse concerning settlers and indigenous people. Moreover, as the article discusses the wide cultural and political range of the Mizrahi Jews by questioning the viability of the Arab-Jew historical construct up to very recent times, it is also intended to further enhance the examination of an emerging field for studying Israel and Palestine within which several aspects and areas of inquiry remain unexplored.
  • Ibrahim EL-SAÏD: "Some are more equal than others: Palestinian citizens in the settler colonial Jewish State" (Settler Colonial Studies, July 16, 2020, pp. 481-507; abstract): click here!
    Abstract. This article aims to examine whether the passing of the Basic Law: Israel – the Nation State of the Jewish People represents a transformative moment in the history of the State of Israel, as some critics claim, that undermines the State’s unique democratic features precisely the principle of equality. In this respect, this paper aims to revisit the principle of equality as it is enshrined in the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel and as it applies in practice, law and court rulings.
  • Nadia NASER NAJJAB & , Ghassan KHATIB: "The First Intifada, Settler Colonialism, and 21st Century Prospects for Collective Resistance" (The Middle East Journal, 73. 2,  2 Aug 2019): click here!
    Abstract. Abstract: This article engages with the views of prominent leaders from the First Intifada to evaluate the possibility of a Palestinian uprising under existing circumstances. It provides insight into the past and present to establish a basis for contemporary struggle. In acknowledging the fragmentation of Palestinian land and population, the article argues that many of the features that made popular struggle possible during the First Intifada are now clearly absent, requiring a new praxis of resistance.
  • Nadia NASER NAJJAB: "The First Intifada as a struggle against settler colonialism (not colonialism): Palestinian leadership and the contemporary significance of the First Intifada" (Race & Class, 12 August 2020; copyright Institute of Race Relations, 2020, Vol. 62(2) 61–79): click here!
    Abstract. On the eve of the highly controversial 2020 plan for Israel to annex parts of the West bank, the author examines the nature of the Palestinian condition and the many challenges Palestinians confront, including the absence of an effective leadership. In registering this, the article proposes a reassessment of the First Intifada that places it in a contemporary perspective and seeks to ‘excavate’ modes of resistance. It engages with the problematic of leadership and highlights how existing challenges might be addressed. Taking into account the Oslo Accords and subsequent attempts towards neoliberal state-building, it draws on theories of settler colonialism and stresses the neo-colonial continuum in Palestine. Finally, the author interviews key activists from the First Intifada to (respectively) provide insight into the nature of the contemporary situation and suggest an alternative model of leadership and struggle.
  • Nadia NASER NAJJAB: "Palestinian education and the ‘logic of elimination’" (Settler Colonial Studies, May 4, 2020, pp. 311-330; abstract): click here!
    Abstract. Israel’s occupation of the Palestinian territories has sought to, and continues to, influence the Palestinian education system in a number of ways. In this article I seek to demonstrate that these interventions should be conceptualized and theorized as an extension of the ‘logic of elimination’ that Patrick Wolfe has previously ascribed to settler colonialism.1 These specific interventions in the educational field, I suggest, should be understood in the wider context of the Israeli colonialist project. In engaging with the development of the Palestinian education system in the post-1967 period, this article traces direct and indirect forms of educational influence and sketches the outlines of Palestinian resistance.
  • Ismael ABU SAAD: "Palestinian education in the Israeli settler state: divide, rule and control" (Settler Colonial Studies, Oct 31, 2018, pp. 96-116; abstract): click here!
    Abstract. This paper situates the Israeli public educational system in the broader context of colonizing educational systems and explores the avenues through which it serves the Jewish settler-state project and establishes a colonial educational hegemony. Public education in Israel is legally mandated to promote the values of Jewish culture and loyalty to the Jewish state.
  • Lorenzo VERACINI, "Patrick Wolfe’s dialectics" (Aboriginal History, Volume 40, 2016: In Memoriam Patrick Wolfe, pp. 249-260): click here!
    Patrick Wolfe’s Settler Colonialism and the Transformation of Anthropology appeared in 1998. Wolfe’s provocation was to look for settler colonialism in the ongoing subjection of indigenous peoples in settler societies.
  • David LLOYD: "Settler Colonialism and the State of Exception:The Example of Palestine/Israel" (Settler Colonial Studies 2, 1 (2012): Past is Present: Settler Colonialism in Palestine. ISSN 1838‐0743, pp. 59-80 ): click here!
    I was trying to think Palestine, Palestine for itself, ‘itself alone’, as the Irish say. But instead, I found myself thinking, and writing, ‘Palestine/Israel’, as if Palestine cannot be thought of and by itself.This gesture is one that proponents of Zionism have succeeded in imposing as a condition for even thinking about Palestine: it cannot be thought, rather, may not be thought, as an autonomous sovereign entity, giving the law to itself. Palestinian nationality, Palestinian statehood, if they can be contemplated at all, can only be proposed by permission of Israel and its patrons.

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